Sunday, May 24, 2020

Traditional learning vs. Online Learning - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 5 Words: 1398 Downloads: 6 Date added: 2019/10/10 Did you like this example? In this era, going to university or college is not a major issue in fact it has become something that is almost obvious. For a very long time, majority of the students were faced with the challenge of choosing the type of school that is best suitable for them and the most favorable mode of payment. Currently, with the constantly improving technology and new inventions, the challenge has shifted to the type of learning. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Traditional learning vs. Online Learning" essay for you Create order This has resulted to very many questions that tend to answer the question which is the best comparing traditional and online learning. Not only do student’s face this challenge but also schools are wondering what the best direction to go is. It can be very hard to determine actually the best mode of learning as there are people who still believe in the traditional system of learning while others have overwhelmingly embraced online learning. Basically people who still hold on the traditional learning believe that students can get access to a wider variety of learning resources, it makes the work of teachers quite easy and at the same time it’s rewarding to the teachers, it is also most favored by the job market (Carnevale 1). People that stand in favor of traditional learning justify the same with a number of claims. First they believe that traditional learning offers students numerous resources that they require during the learning process. It also allows for interpersonal relationships between students.   Interaction between students is very important lack of meet may affect the academic life of an individual. The aspect of social integration is one that is very valuable in the life of any student during his/her period in school. One important resource that a student will have in traditional learning aspect is face to face education. This is something that is usually considered to the most satisfying for both the learner and the instructor. It is also very ideal for teachers as it does not add more work to them in preparing the same the material to cater for online learning and therefore saves a lot of time. Secondly, majority of the teachers may not be well oriented in the area of technology which is a requirement for the case of online learning. This therefore creates a hurdle in the process of preparing learning materials for online learning and to come up with teaching practices that are more concrete. Apart from that the aspect of online learning is one that is quite impersonal and therefore its results may not be quite rewarding to the teachers. This is because most teachers derive their satisfaction from the interaction they have with their students. Apart from that students also look up to their teachers as their mentors because of the relationships they create. Online learning does not incorporate all this. it makes it hard for teachers to share their knowledge explicitly with the students and also teachers don’t get to experience the passion and excitements students usually have for a lecture. For instance, teachers find it rewarding when they see positive facial express ions from their students. Thirdly, it’s evident that the job market usually prefers students that have gone through traditional learning in the traditional schools (Carnevale 1). Most of the employers tend to favor applicants that portray high levels of proper communication and good interpersonal relationships. This can be very rare in students that went through online learning. A number of studies show that in the event there are two equal candidates that have applied for the same job, an employer tends to favor one with a traditional degree as opposed to the one that has obtained an online degree from a virtual school (Carnevale 1). Majority of online degrees tend to have no value in the job market as most institutions have been found not to adhere to regulations or in most cases are not accredited. On the other hand, we have people that prefer online learning to traditional learning. Such people have also come out with claims to support the same.   First, it is believed that online learning has proven to be quite advantageous to traditional learning basing on its benefits to both the teacher and students. The first advantage is that there are no disturbances like those that are usually experienced in an ideal classroom like in the case where a student’s turn out to class after others have settled and the teacher has begun to teach (Allen 4-5). In the case of online learning, the student determines the most suitable place he/she would like to conduct his/her studies. Also teachers provide only the relevant information a student may need to perform a given task or assignment. This means that a student will only focus on the necessary details that the assignment needs as opposed to getting confused in the context of an ideal classroom where some open discussion tend to mi slead others off the topic (Allen 4-5). Secondly it is more continent and easy to obtain information directly from a teacher. In most cases students are usually equipped with the contact details of their instructors and therefore when they get stuck they can contact the teachers and arrange a meeting where the teacher will help the student with any question they have. Thirdly, online learning is better compared to traditional learning because of the number of students it can accommodate. It is common to have overcrowded students in a classroom which is not a good thing as learning will not be effective. In the case of online learning, the number of students taking the same course does not matter because everything takes the classes at the comfort of the rooms or offices. They can also have good time with their instructors to discuss their problems; this therefore makes learning more conducive. It therefore saves schools the cost of expanding their classrooms (Agosto 99). Fourthly, online learning is considered to be more effective compared to traditional learning. This is because of its challenging nature as students know that they have to work on their own. There is no dependence on others hence one is required to perform his/her research to complete assignments. A student only works with the discussions boards assigned to them and resources of their own.   With the independent mode of study, the retention capacity of a student is massively enhanced. It has been noted that students that students who went through online learning demonstrated better performance than others who did the same course through the traditional mode of learning (Visser 177). Lastly, the main reason that makes online learning the best is its convenience in terms of attending. It should be noted that there are many people who want to study but they cannot meet the demand of getting to class on a daily basis. This is the same as the people who cannot go to work on daily. In most cases no one plans to miss a class, but due to matters arising one has to. Many people tend to have families with small kids but cannot maintain a babysitter, others don’t own a car while other are students but have to work to support their education. Apart from that there are many people who are disabled but need to access education. This means that online learning makes work easier for all these categories of people. It makes it possible for them to avoid the fixed schedule made in traditional learning and they can choose the most appropriate time they want to conduct their classes. It is clear that online learning is most suitable in many cases. This is because part from providing everything that one can get from traditional; it is even cheaper and convenient. But most importantly we must appreciate the fact that the two modes of studies are needed in equal measure. It can be argued that some students will work well with online learning in some subjects and others poorly and the same applied to traditional learning (Casement 17). Therefore putting together these two types of learning will bring the best out of a student. The best thing to do in this era of modern technology is to look at the preference of a student and the mode of learning that suites them best and subject them to the same other than forcing them on a learning method that they can perform to their potential.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Ice-Fili Case Analysis - 1224 Words

Ice-Fili case analysis 1. Please provide an in-depth five forces analysis to illustrate the competitive environment for Russia’s ice cream industry. How is it likely to evolve? Five forces analysis: 1) The bargaining power of suppliers * As some producers such as Ice-Fili wanted to keep their product’s quality level, they imported specific raw materials, but they didn’t have a problem in finding new suppliers. * As the technology of Russia was lagged behind Western’s, Ice cream producers needed to import most of their ice cream machines. The bargaining power of suppliers for raw materials is low, while for facilities is high. 2) The bargaining power of customers * There are various ice creams in Russia, so†¦show more content†¦* The Russian economy is discouraging foreign investments, but the producers needed that money to update technology, modernize infrastructure, develop marketing and packaging solutions, develop dealer and distributor networks and so on. * The Russian financial crisis of 1998 resulted in a financial collapse and devaluation of the ruble by 2/3. The domestic producers had to reduce their reliance on importe d materials and some foreign competitors exited the Russia market. 2) The fierce competition in Russia * Regional producers, who has a significant cost advantage and are more flexible To meet the market demand in regional areas, become more competitive. they accounted for about 30% of domestic market, a few regional even exhibited aggressive growth in Moscow and other metropolitan markets. * Foreign companies, such as Nestle, have a strong competitive advantage. Nestle has a long-term investment strategy, use local production and supplier to reduce cost, train and develop local staff who has a better understanding of the local market , and develop its own storage facilities, distribution and marketing network.. In addition, Nestle develop product that fit Russian taste and traditions. 3) The weakness of Ice-Fili * Cost disadvantage. High-price raw material, as well as the ice cream equipment, which has to import from other countries; high fixedShow MoreRelatedA Case Study of Ice-Fil i1715 Words   |  7 Pagesï » ¿ Summary The paper provides analysis of Ice-Fili, and the paper reveals that Ice-Fili is one of the important ice cream producers in Russia. However, the entrant of foreign ice cream producers such as Nestle has made Ice-Fili to face stiff competitions within the industry. Porter five analysis reveals that Ice-Fili has not been able to compete effectively with foreign companies because the company still relies on imported equipment and technology and traditional method of production, whichRead More ICE FILI FIVE FORCES1019 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿Ã‚   Ashley Springer Ice-Fili case analysis November 22, 2012 Through tough times in the Russian ice cream market; one company has one company has pulled their weight and maintained their position on top. Established in 1937; Ice-Fili has survived the change in government, financial hard times, and the ever growing competition from international companies. However, given these events their market share, which was once dominated by Ice-Fili, has been significantly reduced. In fact the Harvard BusinessRead MoreIce Fili 5 Forces1376 Words   |  6 PagesCase study 3: Competitive Advantages Ice-Fili: Ice cream market in Russia Here is a rà ©sumà © of the Five forces model of the ice cream industry in Russia: Threat of new entrants High Threat of substitute High Bargaining power of supplier Low Bargaining power of customer High Rivalry among competitors High â€Å"What are the potential sources of competitive advantage in the Russian ice cream market?† How do customers buy? - Russians consume 2.5 kg of ice cream compared to the 16 kg inRead MoreIce Fili Harvard Case1306 Words   |  6 PagesICE-FILI CASE 1 - How attractive is the Russian ice cream industry in 2002? The main data about the attractiveness of this market are: - The consumption is about 6 times lower than in France, Canada, US because of a different mode of consumption. Indeed, Russians consider Ice Cream as an â€Å"on the go† snack and not as a dessert they can have at home. - producing in Russia implies a certain adaptability of recipes since traditional Russian ice creams contain less fat and are made with natural ingredientsRead MoreIce Fili Harvard Case1299 Words   |  6 PagesICE-FILI CASE 1 - How attractive is the Russian ice cream industry in 2002? The main data about the attractiveness of this market are: - The consumption is about 6 times lower than in France, Canada, US because of a different mode of consumption. Indeed, Russians consider Ice Cream as an â€Å"on the go† snack and not as a dessert they can have at home. - producing in Russia implies a certain adaptability of recipes since traditional Russian ice creams contain less fat and are made with naturalRead MoreThe Russian Ice Cream Industry1649 Words   |  7 PagesI. How structurally attractive is the Russian ice cream industry and how is it likely to evolve? The attractiveness of the ice cream industry in Russia is based on various factors including its growth potential and market opportunities (i.e. consumption of ice cream in restaurants, cafes, supermarkets, and or households) and economic and financial stability in Russia. Due to the financial crisis in 1998, the ice cream industry realized a sharp decrease in consumption coupled with increased productionRead MoreIce Fili Is The Top Ice Cream Company1373 Words   |  6 PagesCase Analysis #1 Questions Case: Ice-Fili Introduction Ice-Fili is the top ice cream producer in Russia. Currently, the company is experiencing tough competition with Nestle, Baskin-Robbins and regional ice cream producers. Its loss in market share due to their poor quality decisions-making after Russia became an open marketing in 1992. Nestle took great advantage of Ice-Fili’s low reaction adjustment and is taking over their market. 1. Which segments of the general external environment, if anyRead MoreIce Fili Assignment6257 Words   |  26 PagesA Strategic Case Analysis of Ice-Fili Seminar paper Document Nr. V68229 ISBN 978-3-638-60696-7 9 783638 606967 Università ¤t Konstanz Course: Strategic Management: Concepts and Cases â€Å"Ice-Fili† A Strategic Case Analysis Written by: Christian Và ¶gtlin Table of Contents 1. 2. 2.1 2.2 2.4 3. 3.1 3.2 3.3 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Introduction ..............................................................................................................- 1 External Analysis............Read MoreIce Fili Assignment6257 Words   |  26 PagesChristian Và ¶gtlin A Strategic Case Analysis of Ice-Fili Seminar paper Document Nr. V68229 ISBN 978-3-638-60696-7 9 783638 606967 Università ¤t Konstanz Course: Strategic Management: Concepts and Cases â€Å"Ice-Fili† A Strategic Case Analysis Written by: Christian Và ¶gtlin Table of Contents 1. 2. 2.1 2.2 2.4 3. 3.1 3.2 3.3 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Introduction .......................................................................................................Read MoreIce Fili Case Study1180 Words   |  5 Pages1.Problem / Issue Identification: The Russian ice-cream market is not structurally attractivePorters 5 ForcesBargaining Power of Suppliers:-Not an issue-Commodities but big seasonal variations-Limited local sources of high quality butter-High availability of imported raw materials-Specialist equipment must be imported (but may be easy to copy?)Bargaining Power of Buyers:-consumers have low disposable income-distributors have power - they have many suppliers-Growth in supermarket sectors - may wield

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Albert C. Barnes A Man Beyond His Time - 1480 Words

Albert C. Barnes was a man beyond his time. While the post-impressionists were being scrutinized and just starting to become better known, Barnes was collecting their work and amassing a huge collection of post-impressionist and early modern art. The Barnes Foundation, created by Barnes in 1922 to â€Å"promote the advancement of education and the appreciation of the fine arts and horticulture.†1, has one of the greatest collections of post-impressionist and early modern art in existence. With extensive collections from Renoir, Cezanne, Matisse, Picasso, and many more art masters of the time. These collections were artfully arranged for display in a building Barnes crafted specifically for the display and study of his collection. Barnes willed his collection to never be sold, rented, or lent to any extent and to stay where he left it. Since his sudden death in 1951, this statement has been scrutinized and debated, ultimately leading to turmoil and conflict even in the courts, and the collection was eventually moved from Barnes’ space in Merion County, Pennsylvania to the center of Philadelphia. This decision to move the Barnes Foundation, while questionable in process, was ultimately the right decision because the Barnes collection is so fantastic that everyone should be able to see it, opening to more viewers promotes the education that Barnes was passionate about, it was the best way to keep the Barnes Foundation open for business financially, and it is best for the art itselfShow MoreRelatedOedipus Rex, Sophocles1252 Words   |  6 Pagescondemned to plentiful suffering; thus making Oedipus fit the mold of a tragic hero if we agree with Aristotle that Oedipus misfortune happens strictly because of his tragic flaw. Oedipus’ judgment alongside classic narcissistic behavior caused such events as the killing of King Laius and furthermore calling of Teiresias a liar and wedding his own blood. It was Teiresias idea in the beginning to slowly ease Oedipus into the truth; but Oedipus is too proud or perhaps blind to see any truths, and he refusesRead MoreThe Evolution of African American Identity1514 Words   |  7 Pagesthe way the Africans held on to separate tribal identities from Africa, and had no sense of unity or national identity. The way Africans clung to their tribal identity is one of the largest factors that lead to their exploitation. With the every man for himself mentality and segregation amongst the culture, Africans were not only fighting against their white oppressors but also each other. Slave traders took advantage of this rift and began to exploit the Africans pitting tribe against tribeRead MoreEssay on Voyage and Psychological Development in Homers Odyssey3283 Words   |  14 Pagesimpress in stature and roguish airs far beyond the others for is not the gray-eyed Athena, daughter of rain-bringing Zeus himself, bound in devotion to this mortal hero? It is she who repeatedly enhances Odysseus a ppearance so as to impress upon others his god-like qualities: And Athene, she who was born from Zeus, made him Bigger to look at and stouter, and on his head Made his hair flow in curls, like the hyacinth flower . . . So she poured grace upon his head and shoulders. (6.229-35) Read MoreLiterature and Language10588 Words   |  43 Pagesbibliographers. (Dolores Burton, 1990) Helmut Hatzfeld was the first biographer of stylistics and his work in A Critical Bibliography of the New Stylistics (1953) was continued by Louis Milic’s Style and stylistics (1967), Richard Bailey and Dolores Burton’ s English Stylistics (1968) and James Bennett’ s A Bibliography of Stylistics and Related Criticism (1986). Until Helmut Hatzfeld brought out his bibiography the word â€Å"stylistics† had not appeared in the title of any English book about styleRead MorePerformance Appraisals10210 Words   |  41 Pagesappraisal. Performance appraisal is a process of obtaining, analysing and recording information about the relative worth of an employee. It is a systematic periodic and an impartial rating of an employee s excellence in matters pertaining to his present job and his potential for a better job. A good appraisal system provides right feedback about the quality of performance of an employee. In spite of dislike by several employees, performance appraisal has become an inescapable feature. It imparts benefitsRead MoreEssay on Framing the User: Social Constructions of Marijuana Users9798 Words   |  40 PagesMarijuana Movement Nelson A. Pichardo Almanzar Dept. of Sociology Central Washington University Ellensburg, WA 98926 Thanks to Laura Appleton and Ericka Stange for comments on an earlier draft. Thanks also to Kirk Johnson for his assistance in locating criminal data sets. Framing the User: Social Constructions of Marijuana Users and the Medical Marijuana Movement ABSTRACT Social movements are continuously engaged in the act of framing. Whether it is to present their messageRead MoreNature of Strategic Management13243 Words   |  53 PagesBut for strategists and managers today, there is no choice but to change. ROBERT WATERMAN, JR. If business is not based on ethical grounds, it is of no benefit to society and will, like ail other unethical combinations, pass into oblivion. C. MAX KILLAN If a man take no thought about what is distant, he will find sorrow near at hand. He who will not worry about what is fat off will soon find something worse than worry. CONFUCIUS It is human nature to make decisions based on emotion, rather than onRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 PagesThree Ethical Decision Criteria 187 †¢ Improving Creativity in Decision Making 188 Summary and Implications for Managers 190 S A S A S A L L L Self-Assessment Library What Are My Gender Role Perceptions? 166 glOBalization! Chinese Time, North American Time 171 Myth or Science? Creative Decision Making Is a Right-Brain Activity 181 Self-Assessment Library Am I A Deliberate Decision Maker? 183 An Ethical Choice Whose Ethical Standards to Follow? 185 Self-Assessment Library How Creative Am I?Read MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words   |  1617 PagesManagement—-Study and teaching. 2. Management—Problems, exercises, etc. Kim S. II. Title. HD30.4.W46 2011 658.40071 173—dc22 I. Cameron, 2009040522 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 ISBN 10: 0-13-612100-4 ISBN 13: 978-0-13-612100-8 B R I E F TA B L E O F C O N T E N T S Preface xvii Introduction 1 PART I 1 2 3 PERSONAL SKILLS 44 Developing Self-Awareness 45 Managing Personal Stress 105 Solving Problems Analytically and Creatively 167 PART II 4 5 6 7 INTERPERSONAL SKILLS 232 233 Read MoreInnovators Dna84615 Words   |  339 Pages10 Putting the Innovator’s DNA into Practice 215 Philosophies Conclusion: Act Different, Think Different, Make a Difference 235 Appendix A: Sample of Innovators Interviewed Appendix B: The Innovator’s DNA Research Methods Appendix C: Developing Discovery Skills Notes Index Acknowledgments About the Authors 241 245 249 261 269 283 295 100092 00a 001-014 INT r1 go.qxp 5/13/11 9:53 AM Page 1 Introduction I It’s the lifeblood of our global economy

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Caring for Children and Young People free essay sample

Once you have read this handbook, it will help you understand why many children often end up being looked after by other people rather than their parents. When a child ends up getting† looked after† it means the local authority has placed a care order to be put in place for them to be placed in someone else’s care. There are two types of care that a child can enter into. One is voluntary where their parents put them in care because either they cannot cope or are finding it difficult to look after the child. The other is involuntary when a court order will be placed due to concerns for the child’s welfare and safety. In this booklet I will explain some of the reasons why children can end up in care or being looked after. There are often family related reasons and some of these are listed below: Loss of a Parent – if the child’s parent/s passes away and they can no longer be cared for by them, then they will be put into care hopefully with other family members or family friends if safe to do so. Emotional abuse is when things are said to the person who can mentally damage them, for example telling your child something which can make them feel bad about themselves and it can lead to disorders such as anxiety or depression if it continues. It can also be when the parents choose to restrict the child’s freedom, by making them unable to see certain people or making them feel jealous about events which they should have no emotions for. Intellectual abuse can take place whereby the parents call their children names such as â€Å"nerd† if they are really good at something in particular or â€Å"stupid† if they keep failing in a certain thing without being offered any help. Sexual abuse is when the child is sexually harassed while they are still young so the parents or strangers are able to get to the child very easily as they child isn’t fully aware of the situation they are in. Neglect happens when the parents choose to simply ignore the child. If they child is saying they are hungry or wants help on their homework the parents would simply ignore it and let the child fend for themselves. Most the time the children are too young to know how to make them selfs food and often end up going hungry. Also the parents may choose to leave the child at home while they go out, even though the child is still quite young and it can be dangerous if anything goes wrong while they are out. Bullying and harassment can be maltreatment as someone who chooses to bully another individual can make the individual feel down about them selfs and they may choose to disengage from the society due to how they are being treated by others. This ca be the same with harassment as someone would constantly be harassing another individual, probably for no particular reason and it would cause that individual to be agitated and they may feel the need to apply inappropriate behaviours either towards the individuals bullying or harassing them or towards themselves, which could be more tragic for their families and friends. Within all the different types of maltreatment, the child can be at risk of maltreatment of any kind, at any time within their own family circle, outside their family, so meaning around their friends or peers or community, within a care setting, which could be school, if they are present within a residential care home, or even with strangers who may choose to stalk the child or could apply more inappropriate behaviours towards the child. As a health and social care professional it is inessential that you are area of the indicators which can suggest any forms of maltreatment within the children and younger people. The two main ways which you can spot signs of maltreatment is physically and via the childs behaviour. Indicators of maltreatment which would be physical on the children would be constant bruising on their skin, if you see one bruise you can’t automatically assume there is maltreatment going on within their family home as all children at a young age have bruises every now and then from falling over, however if you are constantly seeing bruises that aren’t going and instead getting worse, that can be a indicator of maltreatment. That ties in with any unexplained injuries that may be spotted on the child at any given time. If you happen to see the child has an injury which is considered as unexplained as it may not be a normal everyday injury, that can indicate maltreatment within the childs family home. Soreness in places which shouldn’t be sore can be a big indicator of maltreatment occurring within the family home. If the child seems underweight or may not be the average size for a child of their age can be an indicator of maltreatment within the family home, whereby they aren’t being fed the right amount of food or are going hungry at home from being ignored. With the child having poor personal hygiene, it can be an indicator of maltreatment happening within the family home where they aren’t getting treated how they should be and may have to fend for themselves and at the age they are at they don’t really understand what they need to do in order to be healthy. There are different behaviours which the children may show which can be indicators of maltreatment occurring within the family home. Withdrawal from activities and not participating can be an indicator, as well as aggression towards either the other children or staff. The child may show some sort of distressed behaviour while they are within care of the professionals. They may constantly be rocking or head banging which may be behaviour which they do at home to calm them down and show this indicator while in care of the professionals. The child may be showing signs they are always hungry or constantly alerting the staff that they are hungry. They may feel reluctant to go home when it is home time and may show fear when their parents or carers arrive. Having low self-esteem can indicate maltreatment, whereby they wouldn’t act as themselves as they may have been criticized about it within their family home. Their development compared to the other children could be behind as they haven’t been receiving the support they need from their families and have missed important milestones within their development stages. There are also wider factors which suggest risks of maltreatment occurring within family homes. Living in dysfunctional family relationships can increase a risk of maltreatment occurring due to the fact of the relationships within the family aren’t to the best they can be, meaning there are more arguments than normal making the bonds between each other poorer than they should be. If there is a link within family history of abuse it can increase the risk of abuse happening due to the fact it has happened before in previous generations, there is more of a chance it may happen again. With the parents having poor or impaired parenting skills it can increase the risk of maltreatment whereby they aren’t very sure as to how to look after and treat their child which can lead to neglect. They may also have impairments which would make it harder for them to look after their child properly and without them realising it may lead to neglect. The parents having a lack of attachment can increase the risk of maltreatment where they haven’t bonded very well with their child and may feel that they aren’t loved very much and choose to neglect the child. Substance abuse within the household can increase the risk of maltreatment as the parents would be under the influence of illegal drugs or alcohol and wouldn’t be fully aware of their actions. To meet M3 – Assess strategies and methods used to minimise the harm to children, young people and their families where abuse is confirmed. Within the same presentation you are required to assess how useful the multi-agency approach is to dealing with safeguarding children. You may want to discuss previous real-life cases where child abuse has occurred and the intervention or lack of intervention that has taken place, for example Victoria Climbie and Peter Connolly. Where abuse has been confirmed within families, there are different strategies and methods which are used in order to help minimise the harm to children, young people and their families. With children and young people, you would be respectful and use the child-centred approach, which is safeguarding the children and young people with services that are effective and have a clear understanding of the needs and views of children. The children would want to be respected; their views heard, stable relationships with professionals built on trust and for consistent support provided for their individual needs. The professionals should see, speak and listen to what the child has to say, take their views seriously, and work with them when deciding how to support their needs. This is the same for the professionals with providing active support to the children and young children. If they show that they aren’t interested in giving support to the children and young people when they need it the children may feel like they aren’t going to get the help that they need. Keeping no secrets within cases of abuse is important as the children and young people may feel like they are missing out on important information which could be about being helped with the situations they are currently in. Giving the children and young people support on their assertiveness and self-confidence, to help them feel better about themselves regardless of the situation they are in, which would make them feel like they can tackle the problems and find a way out. With parents and families, there are different strategies and methods which are used to minimise the harm where abuse is confirmed. By developing supportive partnership relationships with parents and families they are able to minimise the harm, whereby the parents are involved with the assessment of the childs needs so that the parents doesn’t have any problems with the arrangement made. As the parents may make contributions, one method is helping the parents to recognize the value and significance of their contributions that they make which can also encourage the development of their parenting skills. With maltreatment as a whole, there are different consequences which can occur, some more tragic than others. Emotional and psychological dysfunction affecting relationships can occur, where the child may have displaced their anger for their parents on to a friend or another loved one, without realising and caused damage to themselves and the others around them. They wouldn’t mean to displace their anger as it would just happen naturally where they have had the build-up of anger towards their parents for a long period of time and are unable to hold it any longer; making them lash out on another loved one. Self-harming can be a big consequence within teenagers as they feel it’s the only way to ‘feel better’ as they think living on pain is better. They may also injure to self-harming as they find it as a relief to the other pain which is being conflicted onto them within their life. Worst of all they may end up becoming perpetrators of abuse themselves so when they have children of their own there is more chance of them being abused by their parents as their parents were abused in their childhood too. This is bad as the abuse would have continued within their family and causes more problems for when their children grow up and as they continue making the family line, signs of abuse may be evident within every generation. Intellectually the child may have an impaired capacity to learn. This could be where they have been abused from the early years of their life making them unable to learn the main everyday things due to the fact they may feel scared of the consequences which may occur if they attempt it. This can also occur if they have missed the important milestone of learning basic things at a certain age due to the abuse the child was receiving off their parents and not being taught the need to know basics of life. This leads on to the point that their brain development can be subtly affected where they haven’t learnt or been taught what they needed know at the certain ages within their early years development as they had missed the crucial time where they would have picked up the certain action at a quick and easy pace. Socially they become inadequacy, meaning they wouldn’t socialize with their peers who are always around them and feel incapable of talking to others, as they find it hard to socialize. This is also known as ‘Avoidant Personality Disorder’. Children and young people who suffer from this would have more sensitivity to negative criticism and rejection as well as being shy and socially awkward. For someone who has the avoidant personality disorder may show signs of avoiding work, social, or school activities due to having the fear of criticism or rejection. Have low self-esteem and choose to self-isolate themselves from others. They may also be afraid to speak up as they have the fear of saying something wrong, blushing, stammering or just simply getting embarrassed. This makes it difficult for them to connect with other people just for simple friendships, and if within a relationship, they may feel afraid to share any personal information or talking about your feelings, which all makes it hard to maintain any relationships. Illnesses can occur as a consequence of maltreatment where an individual can develop psychosomatic illnesses, auto-immune disorders, suffer from unwanted pregnancy and carry sexually transmitted infections. A psychosomatic disorder is a disease which involves both the mind and body. Some physical diseases can be made worse by mental factors such as stress and anxiety. Most diseases which are developed are mainly psychosomatic diseases as there is a mental aspect to every physical disease, due to how we react and cope. Compared to this there can be physical effects which are caused from the mental illness as you may not eat well or take care of yourself very well which would cause your physical problems. Auto-immune disorder is a condition where the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys healthy tissue within the body. The person’s immune system can’t tell the difference between healthy body tissue and antigens and as a response to that the immune system destroys the healthy tissue. An auto-immune disorder may result in the destruction of one or more types of body tissue, abnormal growth of an organ, or changes in organ function. It may affect one or more organs or tissue types and the most commonly affected organs and tissues include: blood vessels; connective tissues; endocrine glands, such as the pancreas; joints; muscles; red blood cells; skin. Unwanted pregnancy may occur as a consequence of maltreatment on the basis of sexual abuse. It could have happened while the young person was in their teens and were sexually abused within their life. They may be left with an unwanted pregnancy due to their childhood. Also they may have sexually transmitted infections due to sexual abuse which could have happened within their childhood or teenage years, which makes them suffer for the rest of their lives. Mental health can be a consequence of maltreatment where the young person had been growing up within an abusive environment and may have felt anxious while growing up, which could have carried on with them in their later years, resulting in stress or anxiety. Attempted suicide can be a massive consequence of maltreatment as where the parents are not acknowledging the childs presence and continually putting the child down, they may feel that they are worthless and no one would be affected if they disappear. Also they may attempt suicide in a chance to stop all the pain and nastiness which they have within their life and just want it all to end. Substance abuse may occur as the young people may find it relieving to excessively drink as it takes the pain away and by abusing drugs. This would make them addicted but they would probably feel some pain relief from it, and that could end up resulting badly if it isn’t tended to. There are four theories of maltreatment, which are medical, sociological, psychological and feminist. Range Theories of maltreatment: Medical, Sociological, Psychological, Feminist Issues: Cultural, eg changing face of the family, Social disadvantage, Different concepts of discipline, Cultural variations To meet D2 – Justify responses where child maltreatment or abuse is suspected or confirmed, referring to current legislation and policies. Justify the responses taken where suspected maltreatment or abuse is suspected or confirmed and to refer to current legislation and policies. For example; justify reasons why it may at times be necessary to remove a child from the family home and place into care. Range Procedures where maltreatment is considered, suspected, confirmed or excluded: Policies of the setting; Implementing safe working practices; Whistleblowing; Reporting arrangements; Security of records; Sequence of events leading to registration on child protection register or care proceedings Roles and responsibilities: Following the policies and procedures of setting; Observation; Responsibility for observing children and families and their interaction; Recognising maltreatment indicators; How to respond if maltreatment is suspected; What action to take following disclosure, maintaining confidentiality according to policies of the setting Responding to direct or indirect disclosure: Listening carefully and attentively; Communicating at the child/young person’s own pace and without undue pressure; Taking the child/young person seriously; Reassuring and supporting the child/young person; Providing unconditional acceptance; Boundaries of confidentiality; Promptly following the correct procedures of the setting; How to deal with own feelings and emotions Support for children/young people who disclose: Provide access to professional support; Demonstrating unconditional acceptance of the child/young person; Empowering children and young people to take control of their situation; Awareness of the potential impact on the child/young person and other family members, counteracting possible stereotyping Minimising the effects of abuse:

Saturday, April 4, 2020

Iceberg Model McClelland Theory free essay sample

The Iceberg Model has been used in systems thinking. It explains that an iceberg only exposes 10% of its mass above water while 90% of its mass is hidden below the surface. Similarly, an individual competence is analogous to an Iceberg Model because there are both observable and hidden components. (Refer to Illustration 1) The observable components would be the individual’s knowledge and skills while the hidden components include values, self-image and motives. (Refer to Illustration 2) The hidden aspect of the competencies is what drives an individual with knowledge and skills to perform at his best and to achieve superior performance. Let us understand this model through an example. In the current hiring practices in Singapore, many organisations are still using the traditional method of recruitment, where emphasis is on visible competencies of knowledge and skills. Hidden attributes like the individual’s value system, self-image and motives are only uncovered as the individual progresses within the organisation. We will write a custom essay sample on Iceberg Model McClelland Theory or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Specifically, in the current banking industry, an individual is deemed to be of a right fit for a sales advisory position once the individual has obtained all the industry certifications required by the Monetary Association of Singapore (MAS) and possesses a good understanding of the various financial instruments. However, by selecting an individual solely by his qualifications and knowledge, without a deeper understanding of the individual’s values, views on investment, aspirations and his thinking style may implicate the organisation reputation and goals. The individual may display sign of non-integrity through his dealings with the bank’s high net-worth clients. The bank may then discover that the individual’s aspiration is not aligned with the bank’s vision of client’s servicing and management Going back to the Iceberg Model, to identify a high performer for an organisation, it is essential for any organisation to recognise the visible and hidden components of an individual’s competencies. This will allow the organisation to have a bird’s eye view of the competence of the individual as the hidden aspect of the competencies will directly stimulate and encourage the usage of the knowledge and skills to align with the organisation goals and to achieve organisation success. McClelland Theory A brief review- Three needs theory McClelland is a renowned American Psychologist best known for his Motivation Theory. In the 1940s, McClelland stated that once an individual has fulfilled his basic needs of food and shelter, an individual would have 3 kinds of motivational needs. (Refer to Illustration 3) the need for achievement (n-ach)- desire to achieve and attain goals that are challenging but are realistic the need for power (n-pow)- desire to gain authority, influence and leadership the need for affiliation (n-affil)- seeks to form relationships and to interact with other people, seeking recognition Competence Based Assessment In the 1970s, McClelland became more interested in competence based approach and its use for recruitment. Competence is widely described as the underlying characteristic of an individual which allows him to deliver superior performance at a task, role or position. 1 McClelland published an article in 1973 entitled â€Å"Testing for competence rather than for intelligence† and identified that traditional gauge of performance such as aptitude test, examination results and references were not good predictor of an individual’s job performance. 2 In his study, McClelland developed 2 key tools to identify competencies Criterion Samples Study of two control group which involved the top performer and the average performer The objective is to identify the differentiating factor in performance and how to encourage better performance from the average group Behavioural Event Interviews (BEI) Highly structured and complex interview focusing on the characteristics of the individual The objective is to ascertain the individual’s deep rooted beliefs and to reveal the individual’s behaviour patterns under specific stimulated scenarios and incidents With these tools, organisations can now adopt McClelland’s competence based assessment to improve their overall performance by hiring the right individual for the job. The data collected from the assessment could be used to design highly targeted programs to develop the necessary competencies. This will in return motivate their average performance to become top performer. For example, it is a widely practice in aviation leader such as Singapore Airlines, whereby an individual who aspires to be a pilot, are required to go through the organisation’s rigorous interviews and training programmes to identify the individual characteristic and behavioural pattern under stress and his reliability and sense of responsibility. Apart from the behavioural event interviews, other forms of assessment for pilots may take the form of complex analytical questions and answers sessions, innovation test, lateral thinking test, and emergency cum stimulator experience test to observe the individual performance during the course. These are necessary approach in their recruitment and training as the airline recognises the importance of safety conscious, highly qualify and reliable pilots in delivering superior performance and maintain the organisation mission for aviation safety. Hence, it is notably evident that the McClelland’s Competence Based Assessment has direct similarities to the Iceberg Model which identifies the hidden components of competencies of an individual. Both stresses on the importance of looking beyond the knowledge and skill sets and into the deep rooted competencies of an individual such as self-image, traits and motives and behavioural patterns to correctly identify the right individual to achieve superior performance. Appendices Iceberg Model

Sunday, March 8, 2020

Individual Assignment The Introduction To Hospitality Tourism Essay Essays

Individual Assignment The Introduction To Hospitality Tourism Essay Essays Individual Assignment The Introduction To Hospitality Tourism Essay Paper Individual Assignment The Introduction To Hospitality Tourism Essay Paper the usage of computing machines in travel bureaus and sophisticated databases for selling intents are now ordinary. Increase in competition within the industry will coerce organisations to utilize new engineering to the full. New developments in transit make extended usage of new engineering, for illustration the Channel Tunnel, the progresss in aircraft design and opening up new long-hall finishs. Then more develop coach is ace VIP coach. This is dwelling of all the service to the riders. So the riders can bask the traveling period. Furthermore, another factor is, the engineering develops until the riders or the clients can acquire the information of the travel and touristry industry in cyberspace. The peculiar bureau will update all the information in web so the clients can look into easy all the information about their circuit and can easy reach to the peculiar bureau. This makes the bureau celebrated among the people because all over the universe can entree their information and can see to the peculiar bureau. At the same clip besides help the clients to acquire all their information in item and faster excessively. Cultural and environmental factors besides affect the travel and touristry industry. In the 1980s saw the outgrowth in Britain of a greater environmental consciousness and a society that was get downing to take its wellness and fittingness earnestly. These factors are likely to stay of import influences on travel and touristry developments in the hereafter with alleged green issues high on the docket. The political facet besides affects this industry. The security concerns over travel have had a serious impact on the travel and touristry industry. Which are taking to increased concern failures in certain state of affairs if the authorities neer invent in this industry. The authorities must provides all the services to assist the industry such as prepare a good route for travel and railroad paths for the tracks travel so the travel and touristry industry can easy can safely go. Then the pick of finish besides affects this industry. Most of the client likes to go for a celebrated and gratifying topographic point. So they must convey out the travel and touristry to a celebrated popular topographic point, which got a high demand among the people. Then choose of topographic point should be harmonizing to the age group. If want to transport on a travel and touristry, must be a topographic point where got a tonss of merriment and amusement but if want to transport on for veterans agencies topographic point should be suited for them. So they can bask the travel with fullest and the affect besides will be the positive type. Other than age group class at that place got other group class besides, such as leisure clients, concern clients, independent travellers, bundle tourists. So the travel and touristry must be transporting on harmonizing to deferent types clients. Besides that, the regulation and ordinance besides will impact the travel and touristry industry. The travel that s traveling to transport should be following the all the regulations and ordinances that the authorities stated and the peculiar topographic point stated. So it will neer impact the clients of them. For illustration, if the touristry topographic point stated that can non convey camera or picture indoors means they should state earlier to their client so they may follow the regulations and will non impact the bureau besides. If non the bureau may impact because did non follow the regulations and ordinance. While the clients besides wont regard to the bureau. At the terminal the clients wo nt back up for the peculiar industry. The travel and touristry that traveling to transport on besides should be suited for the season. Because the clients are ever like to go to different finish in a different season. So should transport on the right travel and touristry event at the correct season. If non it will impact alt the industry. The client may non will back up the bureau because they are non giving what they want and they wo nt fulfill with them at all. At last the nutrient and drink besides will impact the industry, even is non a large issue and of import in a travel and touristry industry. The nutrients that they provide to the clients should be good nutrients which is non expired or spoiled. If non the client may acquire choler with their service and will acquire letdown with their service. So if a travel and touristry industry wants to be success agencies, they should see all the component of the travel and touristry. And must fix earlier for everything with full of good service for their client s satisfact ion. Decision hypertext transfer protocol: // q=tbn: ANd9GcSbpXEn1MNc3WlR1eNL_Y7lEYmix5zdVH5pPapH0B3n3gHJT1lhAs the decision, we have learnt about the significance of cordial reception and the phases of cordial reception industry development from traditional to advanced phase and learnt that cordial reception direction means how to provide for people in a friendly and cheerful mode to enable the guest appreciate in services. Besides that, we have learnt about the significance and the importance of housekeeping Department in hotel, motel, guest how we have learn about the interdepartmental co-operations among assorted sections of the hotel and the importance of hotel industry in our society. Furthermore, we besides learnt the significance and types of non-commercial cordial reception direction and the type of organisation that is available. Last we have learnt and understood the significance of the layout in cordial reception industry and the necessary and of import factors to see when program to set up this industry. A A Bibliography Website reference Anon. , 2011. Hospitality industry Profs from the American. [ Online ] Available at: lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: // ; jsessionid=BB3F819354646B9A37718ECCB0E2526C? page=order/online/datacard A ; id=260943 gt ; [ Accessed on 25 February 2011 ] Fareeha. , nd. Disadvantage of hotel industry. [ Online ] Available at: lt ; .http: // gt ; [ Accessed on 17 February 2011 ] Johnston, A. , 2010. Definition of cordial reception industry. [ Online ] Available at: lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: // # ixzz1H2u8jXGa gt ; [ Accessed on 13 March 2011 ] Anon. , nd. The travel and touristry industry. [ Online ] Available at: lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: // gt ; [ Accessed on 15 March 2011 Shlotta. , 2009. Factors impacting travel and touristry industry. [ Online ] Available at: lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: // hypertext markup language gt ; [ Accessed on 25 February 2011 ]

Friday, February 21, 2020

Organizational Problem Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 words - 1

Organizational Problem - Essay Example To do so she must look beyond the surface issues -- resistant to her presence and management style, resentment because she does not have any experience or skills required to work in the department and her new staff is not ready and willing to assist her in understanding the workflow process, policies and procedures of the department. Any change in an organization means there is disruption in the workflow process, communication flow and resistance and shifts in the moral. Bolman & Deal defined said that â€Å"†¦ change disrupts existing roles and working relationships, producing confusion and uncertainty. Structural patterns need to be revised and realigned to support the new direction†¦causes loss of meaning for people on the receiving end of change.† (2003, p. 339) In a family owned and managed manufacturing organization such as the one in the case, we find that the culture and the organizational structure dictates how and when change will be acknowledged and accepted by all. Therefore the organizational structure is defined as a hybrid -- simple and divisionalized form, in which power and direction of leadership come from the bottom up and it is based on major divisions of labor between members/staff on the line. In this organization management observes at a distance and allows the staff to produce, interact and communicate among themselves. There are specific expectation and roles as well as policies and procedures among the staff and they govern as well as dictate the level(s) of success the organization achieves. According to Bolman & Deal (2003) in organizations â€Å"Structure provides clarity, predictability, and security. Formal roles prescribe duties and outline how work is to be performed. Policies and standard operating procedures synchronize diverse efforts into well-coordinated programs.† (p.324) The firm is more dependent on the knowledge and skill sets of its workers (staff) than on their ability to